Data strengthens calcium's role

Data strengthens calcium's role

Only recently, we reported on a secondary analysis of data from a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, which found that 1,400 or 1,500 milligrams of calcium per day, with or without vitamin D3, was associated with lower trunk fat gain and higher lean trunk mass (Nutrition & Metabolism, 2010, 7:62).

An earlier study from Canada indicated that the potential benefits of calcium supplements may be limited to women with low habitual intakes of the mineral Regarding the potential mechanism, the Canadian study proposed that calcium may affect appetite. Laval University researcher Angelo Tremblay stated: "Our hypothesis is that the brain can detect the lack of calcium and seeks to compensate by spurring food intake, which obviously works against the goals of any weight loss program. Sufficient calcium intake seems to stifle the desire to eat more."

On the other hand, a meta-analysis published last year in Obesity Reviews indicated that calcium may aid weight management by increased fat excretion in the feces.

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Increasing intakes of calcium and higher blood levels of vitamin D

Increasing intakes of calcium and higher blood levels of vitamin D may boost weight loss, suggest findings from a two-year clinical trial.

Average calcium intakes of 580 milligrams per day and blood levels of vitamin D of 30.2 nanograms per milliliter were associated with 5.3 kg weight loss over the two years of intervention, according to findings published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Lower calcium intakes of just 156 milligrams and blood levels of vitamin D of 14.5 nanograms per milliliter were also associated with improvements in body weight (loss of 3.3 kilograms over two years).
Controversy and debate
An ongoing area of debate is the role of dairy in weight management. A relationship between dairy intake and weight reduction has been recorded in numerous studies, and dairy industries in Europe and the US have been promoting milk-based products for consumers who want to slim for some time. The subject, however, remains controversial.

There are even splits within the dairy camp, with some arguing that calcium and vitamin D are the active nutrients behind the effects. One of the lead researchers in this are, Dr Michael Zemel from the University of Tennessee, has previously said that dairy can help reduce body fat and that calcium only accounts for about 40 per cent of the effect.

Data from the two-year Dietary Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial (DIRECT) now indicates that for every incremental increase in calcium from dairy sources was associated with an increase in “the likelihood of weight loss of greater than 4.5 kg, while similar associations were observed for increasing vitamin D blood levels.

Shahar and her co-workers analyzed data from 322 people with an average age of 52 and an average BMI of 31 kg/m2. One hundred and twenty-six of these people were followed to a further six months to track vitamin D levels.
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how to plant

1. Terms grow
Onion can be grown in the rice field soil or moor, until the texture is being tough. Alluvial soil type, humus or Glei Latosol, pH 5.6 - 6.5, 0-400 mdpl altitude, humidity 50-70%, temperature 25-320 C

2. Soil Processing
Manure spread on land with a dose of 0,5-1 tons / 1000 m2
in the tractor (leave + 1 week)
Created with the area-wide 120 -180 cm
Among the planting area made water channel (canal) with a width of 40-50 cm and 50 cm depth.
When soil pH is less than 5.6 were given doses dolomite + 1.5 tons / ha of land spread over the ground and stirred with the flat land leave 2 weeks ago.
To prevent the attack of the disease faded taburkan GLIO 100 gr (1 bale GLIO) mixed with 25-50 kg of manure mature, diamkan 1 week ago sebar is evenly distributed on the area.

3. Fertilizer Basics
Give fertilizer: Urea + 2-4 kg 7-15 kg 15-25 kg ZA + SP-36 evenly over the area of land and stirred with the flat land.
Used or if compound NPK Fertilizer (15-15-15) dose ± 20 kg / 1000 m2 mixed evenly with the soil in the area of land.

SUPER NASA is fertilizer that has been mixed in the water evenly over the area of land with a dose of 10 ± botol/1000 m2 way:
- Alternative 1: 1 bottle of Super NASA diluted in 3 liters of water as main solvent. Then every 50 lt water 200 cc solution given earlier for the parent flush area.
- Alternative 2: every 1 seprot given volume 10 lt 1 spoon to eat Super Peres NASA to flush 5-10 meters area.
Leave for 5 - 7 days

4. Elections Seeds
- The size of seed tubers is optimal 3-4 grams / tubers.
- Umbi good seeds that have been stored tubers 2-3 months and still in bonds (tubers still have leaves)
- Umbi seedlings should be healthy, marked with a compact form tubers (not porous), the skin is not injured tubers (not exfoliate or shimmer)
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